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5 WAYS TO MAKE A SHANG-CHI MOVIE LESS RACIST

五种让《上气》电影不那么种族歧视的方法

译者前言:前几天漫威启动了首位华人英雄上气的选角。这一消息在知乎上引起了极大的争议,多数人都觉得上气的设定,尤其是他父亲傅满洲的形象非常的辱华,所以呼吁抵制这部电影。傅满洲确实诞生于对黄种人的歧视,这点其实外国人都心知肚明。但漫威要拍的是上气而不是傅满洲,他们也说明了会对上气的设定进行修改。因此,我认为大家大可不用这么激进,等电影设定出来,辱华与否自有公论。这篇The Geek Twins文章的作者便指出了一些上气的问题,并尝试对他的设定进行修正,使其不这么“种族歧视”。文章是6月写的,所以并不是针对7月份的这个新闻。最后,翻译的文章有删减。

文章来源:Thegeektwins



Late last year it was revealed that Marvel Studios is "fast-tracking" a movie about Shang-Chi and making the first Marvel movie to have a lead Asian character. It's pretty awesome and could change the face of Asian representation in American films.

去年漫威宣布他们正准备拍摄首部由亚洲人主演的超级英雄电影上气。这非常棒,而且可能会改变亚洲人在美国电影中的印象。

The only problem is that Shang-Chi is racist. Very racist. So racist that Chinese people are already talking about boycotting the film. I'm a huge fan of the character but there are some improvements that would make him even better.

但问题是上气其实挺种族歧视的。非常种族歧视。以至于在中国已经有人号召要抵制这部电影。我也是上气的粉丝,但这个英雄在设定上确实有很多需要改进的地方。

First, I'll talk about the history of Shang-Chi. Then I'll talk about how Shang-Chi was born out of the "yellow peril" era. Finally, I'll talk about what Marvel needs to do to make a movie that can honor the comic books without passing on the cultural legacies and stereotypes. All it takes is a few tweaks to his background.

首先,我会说说上气的历史,包括他和“黄祸论”的关系。最后,我会提出一些可以改进的地方,让这部电影既能尊重原著又能抛去那些文化遗留和刻板印象。



WHO IS SHANG-CHI?

上气是谁?

(译注:这个我就不翻译了,直接抄百度百科吧,略有改写。)

Shang-Chi is known as the "master of Kung-Fu" and the Marvel Universe's greatest open-handed fighter. He first appears in the 1970s and debuted in 1973's Special Marvel Edition #15. He was created by the legendary Steve Englehart and Jim Starlin who also created Thanos.

上气本名郑商奇(Zheng Shang-Chi),是傅满洲(Dr. Fu Manchu)与一位经过基因挑选的美国白人女性所生。从小隐居,过着与世隔绝的生活,由父亲与师父训练习武,并成为一名功夫大师。傅满洲的本意是让上气成为一名刺客,但他在对武术的参悟中,对父亲产生了怀疑。想要用自己的功夫行侠仗义的时候,得知一直尊敬的父亲其实是一个邪恶的魔头,于是摆脱父亲的控制,走上了英雄之路,并大义灭亲的消灭了傅满洲。

All pretty awesome but here's where the problems come in.

听起来很棒,但问题也随之而来。

1. THE PROBLEM WITH FU MANCHU

问题一:傅满洲



How to Fix It: Get Rid of Fu Manchu.

修正的方法:去掉傅满洲



Variety says that the writer Dave Callaham is "writing the scxt that will ultimately modernize the Shang-Chi story and character arc". Hopefully, that includes getting rid of Fu Manchu.

Variety报道过写手Dave Callaham正在创作“让上气更跟得上时代的故事和角色设定”,希望这包括了去掉傅满洲。

2. HE'S A KUNG-FU MASTER

问题二:功夫大师



How to Fix It: Focus on his superpowers

如何解决:专注于他的超能力

Shang-Chi is Chinese. So, of course, he knows kung fu. The stereotype of the martial arts master is deeply ingrained in Asian portrayals in the media. Most of the time when there's a fight scene the Asians use karate even if no one else does.

上气是中国人,所以他很自然懂得功夫。这种中国武打片的刻板印象已经深深刻在了电影媒体对亚洲演员的表述上。很多时候影片里只要有打斗镜头,就有亚洲人在用空手道。

Marvel decides to create a movie focusing on their first Asian superhero and, BINGO! He's a kung-fu master! It's hard to make up a story like that.

漫威决定要拍亚洲超级英雄的电影,你猜对了!他是个功夫大师!像这种设定很难拍出好故事。

First, show that he has the ability to create duplicates of himself. Then, show that he learns martial arts to harness the power. It takes the focus away from his superpower of being really, really Chinese.

那么该怎么办呢?他们可以尝试转移观众的视线。例如,首先让上气有多重分身的能力;然后让他学习武术来活用这种能力。这种做法能让他摆脱身为中国人就是功夫大师的刻板印象。

3. SHANG-CHI'S NOT CHINESE

问题三:上气其实不算中国人



How to Fix it: Make his parents Chinese

如何解决:让他的父母成为中国人



Plus, in the comics, Shang-Chi is raised in a palace designed to emulate ancient China. But he's still a native-born American. So if Marvel did a literal translation from the comics Shang-Chi would be a biracial Chinese-American. Again, I'm not knocking Asians for not being born in Asia, but it would be more impactful if Shang-Chi were.But Marvel could go the other way and make him a man born of two Chinese parents who is born in China and emigrates to America.

另外,在漫画中,上气是在一个仿古宫殿中长大的。但是他依然是土生土长的美国人。所以如果漫威完全按照原设定,上气其实是个华裔美国人。事实上,让上气变成土生土长的中国人是个更好的设定。如果漫威更进一步,把上气的父母都设定成中国人就更好了。

4. THE WHITE SAVIOR TROPE

问题四:白人救世主思想



How to Fix It: Make Shang-Chi Chinese and not dependant on white people

如何解决:让上气成为中国人,而且不要再依赖白人



5. SHANG-CHI'S SUBSERVIENT

问题五:低声下气的上气



How to Fix It: Make him a rebellious loner

如何解决:让他成为一个叛逆的独行者

In the early stories of Shang-Chi, he is dependant on those around him to navigate the world. That's because he had never been in the real world before. He needed guides. But there is also the stereotype of the submission Asian. In fights, he would dominate, but he always bowed to others in social situations.

在上气的早期故事中,他在日常生活中经常依赖身边的角色。这是因为他对现代社会并不了解,所以需要其他人的指引。但这也是对于亚洲人恭顺的刻板印象。上气在战斗中独领风骚,但在生活中却常常对人低声下气。

This was a common stereotype of orientals until Bruce Lee came along. He was a strong, sexy leading man and no one had ever seen anything like him. Behind the scenes, he fought against the media stereotypes and intentionally only took roles that challenged perceptions.

这是对东方人的刻板印象,直到李小龙打破了这种成见。他强壮,有号召力,前无古人。在银幕下,他为摆脱媒体的刻板印象而奋斗,而且只出演与这种观念相违背的角色。

More recent portrayals of Shang-Chi make him more rebellious and less dependent on others. Most recently the Avengers rely on his ninja skills to make him a covert operative and a loner. That's the way Marvel should go. Break the mold and make him a loner not dependant on anyone. It worked for Captain Marvel.

最近上气经常被描绘成一个反叛的独立者。复仇者联盟最近的很多行动都要依赖上气的忍者技巧,这让他成为一个独立的秘密特工。这是漫威应该前进的方向,让角色更加独立,就像惊奇队长那样。

Plus, his back story is rich for internal conflict. Early stories show him struggling with his love and hatred of his father. He was raised by this man to be a killer against his will. play on that and show him angry at the world but determined to make things right.

在家上,上气的角色背景本来就包含各种内心冲突。早期故事中对父亲的爱和恨就是一个例子。这让他成为了一个对世界抱有怒气但却有决心做正确事情的人。


WHAT IF MARVEL DOESN'T GET SHANG-CHI RIGHT?

如果漫威把上气搞砸了怎么办?

China is a huge market for Hollywood. If they offend that market they can kiss blockbuster status goodbye. Plus, they're status as a diversity trend-setting studio with movies like Black Panther and Captain Marvel will fade away.

中国是一个巨大的市场。如果漫威激怒了这个市场,那么他们就可以和电影大卖说拜拜了。另外,他们作为多元文化工作室的形象也会毁于一旦。

So Marvel, please get Shang-Chi right. Get rid of Fu Manchu, don't focus on his martial arts and make him a tough loner. He deserves it.

所以漫威,好好拍上气。去掉傅满洲,不要只着重功夫设定,让他成为一个独行硬汉。上气就该是这样。


译者后言:虽然我并不是完全赞同这些更改,但既然一个普通外国人都能意识到上气原设定种族歧视的问题,凭什么漫威的编剧不能?让我们平心静气地拭目以待吧。